This key will allow you to easily identify adult and immature scarab beetles including established pest species and potential new invasive scarab species. The scarab and stag beetle fauna of Hawaii is of global origin, with non-native species hailing from Australia, Africa, North America, Asia, and Europe. Only five stag beetles are native to Hawaii, and these are greatly in need of conservation and study.
ITP collaborator: Wichita State University
Authors: Joshua B. Dunlap, Mary Liz Jameson, Emmy L. Engasser, Paul E. Skelley, and Amanda J. Redford